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Game of Thrones: Winter is Coming and HBO has the Colour Palette to Prove It

How Game of Thrones uses colour to tell the story.

BenQ
2021/06/18
Castillo_de_Zafra_-_Exterior

To paraphrase the catchphrase of HBO’s most successful series, “Season 8 is Coming.”

The final season of Game of Thrones debuts April 14, 2019, and by all accounts will be the most groundbreaking and earthshattering events in television history. Already ahead is the “Battle of Winterfell,” which promises to be the longest and most intense battle scenes ever filmed. Critics predict the battle will eclipse even the 40-minute long siege of Helm’s Deep in the Lord of the Rings film series. The battle will pit our human heroes against the Army of the Dead led by the Night King.

One of the reasons Game of Thrones is a groundbreaking television series is because it’s not like a television series at all. Every episode is cinematic and produced like a motion picture. Some reports have the per-episode price tag at $15 million. The ensemble cast has won many awards internationally, but the real stars behind the series are the special effects and production design teams that brought George R.R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire to life.

Power of Palette

It’s all about colour, or the colour palette, to be precise. Colours create moods and define locations and are actually characters themselves. For instance, there’s the southern Westerosi coastal city of King’s Landing, bathed in sunshine and presented in warm tones of yellows and reds. In contrast, there’s the northern stronghold of Winterfell, in a frigid and dark land rendered in deep blues and blacks, almost devoid of colour.

King's Landing

King's Landing (HBO)

Winterfell

Winterfell (HBO)

Then there’s the overall colour palette for the series as a whole. In a land where seasons can last decades or even generations, devotees of the novels and the series know “winter is coming.” This seasonal change has progressed over the first seven seasons, and the palette of the show has steadily progressed to a colder, darker, more ominous look and feel. Game of Throne’s colour palette has shifted from summer to winter, and the onset of winter has desaturated the colours of the series. Season 1 Episode 1, “Winter is Coming,” used the lightest colour palette, and the penultimate season, Season 7, was the “coldest” so far.

 

The darkest episodes were the ones that centred around grand night battles. In Season 2, Episode 9, “Blackwater,” the only real splash of colour was the neon green of the “wildfire” used to incinerate an attacking armada. The entire episode is dedicated to the climactic Battle of the Blackwater, in which the Lannister army, commanded by acting Hand of the King Tyrion Lannister, defends the city of King's Landing as King Stannis Baratheon's fleet stages an attack at Blackwater Bay. 

Battle of Blackwater Bay

The Battle of Blackwater Bay (HBO)

Another epic Game of Thrones night battle came in Season 4 Episode 9, “Watchers on the Wall.” The episode focuses exclusively on the Wildling assault on Castle Black and the Wall, and the Night's Watch defense, led by Ser Alliser Thorne and Jon Snow.

Defending Castle Black

Defending Castle Black in "The Watchers on the Wall" (HBO)

The primary colours in the Game of Thrones palette are red, black, grey, yellow, green, gold and red. These colours represent the personalities and the legacies of the groups battling for the Iron Throne.

Red and Black: House Targaryen “Fire and Blood”
House of Targaryen

Both colours evoke strength. Red represents passion while black is a colour that is dramatic and “protective.” The best exemplar of these colours is the Mother of Dragons herself, Daenerys Targaryen.

Grey: House Stark “Winter is Coming”
Winter is Coming

Grey is a combination of black and white, and the colours represent the main traits of the Stark clan, strength and purity.

Yellow: House Baratheon “Ours is the Fury”
Ours is the Fury

Yellow is a vivid colour and is used to convey the Baratheon’s intelligence, education and business sense. They are master strategists, and Stannis Baratheon was known as a great military leader (until he wasn’t).

Green and Yellow: House Tyrell “Growing Strong”
Growing Strong

Green signifies growth and prosperity while yellow denotes cunning and intelligence. The best-known example of these qualities is the late Margaery Tyrell, whose beauty and presence hid a desire to become Queen of the Iron Throne at all costs (until that big explosion at the Great Sept of Baelor).

Gold and Red: House Lannister “Hear Me Roar”
Hear us Roar

The family that brought us the uncomfortable closeness between siblings Jamie and Cersei are represented by gold, displaying success and courage, while red paints the personality traits of anger, power and passion. They thirst for fortune while they will do anything to hold on to power. Jamie, unlike his ruthless sister, Queen Cersei, is the only one with a glimmer of conscience. He slayed the Mad King, after all.

Black and Gold: House Greyjoy “We Do Not Sow”

Take, take, take is all the Greyjoys want to do. Like their sigil says, “We do not sow.” All they want to do is reap. For them, black denotes death and gold represents their greed. In other words, they will not hesitate to kill for the gold.

Blue and Red: House Tully “Family, Duty, Honor”
Family Duty Honor

For House Tully, blue and red make an interesting mix. Blue stands for loyalty, but on the other side signifies coldness. Red encloses strength, passion, anger and desire. It’s a battle of opposing forces and that’s what brought them down. Catelyn Tully, wife of Eddard Stark, exemplified love, passion, loyalty and strength. Her sister Lysa, on the other hand, had a jealous propensity to push rivals through the Moon Door, sending them plummeting to their deaths.

Bringing Game of Thrones to Your Home with BenQ Technology
GoT Theater

As we’ve seen, colour helps tell the Game of Thrones story. But how does BenQ reproduce them as the showrunners and production designers and directors and cinematographers and editors intended?

To answer that question it is first important to know what colour is and how it’s reproduced in a digital image. One of the ways to convey colour digitally is by breaking it into its three properties: hue, saturation and lightness, known as HSL colour space. 

HUE-SAT-art
Hue

The names we give colors really refer to their hue. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet make up the rainbow and are hues. Hue is measured in degrees, starting with red at 0 degrees, transitioning to cyan at 180 degrees, and then coming back full circle to red at 360 degrees. Colours in the top half of the circle are considered warm colours, and those in the bottom half are cool colours.

Saturation

Next comes saturation. That is a measure of the purity of the colour, by measuring how much grey is mixed in. Saturation of 0 percent is entirely grey, while 100 percent is the purest version of the colour.

Lightness (or Luminance)

Lightness is the amount of white in the color. When lightness is at 0 percent the colour is black, and when lightness is at 100 percent the colour is white.

 

Our eyes are not very good at seeing hue, saturation and lightness as three separate elements. For example, it’s easier to choose which shade of red is the lightest than to pick the lightest of two different colours.

BenQ CinematicColor™

Of all DLP projector components, the colour wheel has the greatest effect on colour. Achieving a perfect balance between colour accuracy and brightness requires high precision and stringent quality control. Because even nanometer differences create great differences to colour spectrum, BenQ CinematicColor™ uses precise nanometer-level references to test over 20 combinations of colour wheel angle and coating. Each colour wheel is carefully fabricated with high-pure-colour coatings to meet Rec. 709 colour gamut requirements and reproduce the true colour of Hollywood films.

rec709
non-rec709

With a BenQ projector like the CinePro Series, CinePrime Series and the , you can ensure viewing content as rich as Game of Thrones will present A Song of Ice and Fire in all its multihued glory. With dragons.

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